All about Guerrero Negro, Baja California Sur, México
Guerrero Negro (Municipal Delegation) is part of the Mulegé Municipality, the largest of the five municipalities in South Baja California. Adjacent to the municipalities of Comondú and Loreto at the South, is the political division with Baja California State at North – a huge iron eagle at the 28° Parallel represents the State limit and marks the entrance to our State.
Weather is desert-Mediterranean, being foggy, wet and cold at dawn, hot at noon and windy and cold at night, with an average temperature of 22°C (71° F). The rain season is in winter, although it never rains much.
Its strategic location makes us the most developed city between San Quintín and Santa Rosalía. Guerrero Negro offers a great variety of services for its population: educative services comprise from the first level up to university (UABCS), and there is a research center (CIBNOR). There are supermarkets very well supplied, tortilla shops, drinking water and basic shops.
For tourists there are distinguished and interesting hotels, very well known ecotourism companies and some handcraft and curios shops. Main street offers restaurants, taco kiosks and bakery shops. Sea food is very fresh and abundant; the best of the best Mario’s Restaurant is a must! You can’t miss their delicious specialties such as lion hand scallops, lobster, chocolate clam, octopus, shrimp and fish cooked in their very particular style in a very special rustic environment.
Visitors have to visit the world’s biggest open air salt (ESSA Company authorization needed). Salt mining began in the region with the discovery of fossil salt deposits in natural marshes formed by enormous inundation areas at Ojo de Liebre Lagoon. These deposits or salt beds were formed by natural evaporation of the sea water that flooded flat and impermeable terrains during high tides. Long time these dry salt deposits were exploited in a rudimentary way and transported in mine gondolas to a wood pier at the southwest corner of the Lagoon to be embarked in small ships. The remains of those facilities are still visible in the lagoon.
Salt production process used by ESSA (Salt Export Co.) is known as “Sea Water Solar Evaporation” and is a two step process: sea water concentration for obtaining sodium chlorine saturated brine and the crystallization of the sodium chlorine, that later is harvested and washed. The entire process is done in a plant at Guerrero Negro, Baja California Sur.
At Guerrero Negro Lagoon you can visit "La Isla" (The Island) created artificially for the first salt loading port –the current port is called “El Chaparrito” that is located at Ojo de Liebre Lagoon; along the years big quantities of sand has been accumulated producing beautiful sand marshes and dunes. At La Isla there is a light house and a rest area with an incredible view surrounded by marshes. There is a project of a Natural and Regional History Museum at this place that will show the richness of the region now and in the past.
The Lagoon Ojo de Liebre along with the sea water evaporation ponds of the salt mine, constitute the habitat of many species of birds and is being awarded as a Hemispheric Importance Site for the “Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network”. In Guerrero Negro visit the Bird Refugee were you can observe and to get information about the different bird species of the Lagoon. You can also tour the marshes that are habitat of different species of birds such as White Pelicans, Red Tailed Falcon, White and Red Egrets, Whimbrel and the Osprey.
You can visit too La Soledad Dunes (or Don Miguelito’s Dunes) East from Laguna Guerrero Negro. Following Highway 1 to the South you can visit the Rock paints of the Sierra de San Francisco (rock art that is part of the World Heritage Sites since 1993), and Santa Marta’s Rock Paints. Following in South direction you will find Jesuitical Missions established by natural oasis. You will also find Islands, beautiful bays and much more. Tour enterprises offer the best options for excursion because due to the zone characteristics it is highly recommended not to adventure alone in the Sierras and Desert but to hire experienced guides. Along the whole route you can explore Vizcaíno Desert with its exceptional flora, where you can spot distinctive cactus such as the Boojum Tree, Pitaya and Elephant Cactus.
Guerrero Negro area is very attractive to ecotourism because its location inside the Great Biosphere Reserve of El Vizcaíno. The Reserve was decreed November 30th, 1998 and is managed by the National Commission of Natural Protected Areas, its surface is 2’546,790 hectares (6’293,255.144 acres) being the largest protected area of the country and one of the largest in Latin America. The reserve is part of the International Network of Man and Biosphere Program by UNESCO since 1993. In 2004 San Ignacio and Ojo de Liebre Lagoons were inserted at the list of RAMSAR Wetland Convention for International Importance Sites.
Enthusiastic visitors from around the world arrive to Guerrero Negro in order to live the experience of meeting the Gray Whale in the waters of Ojo de Liebre Lagoon, where –from December to March, they breed and give birth. Visiting the lagoon is possible only by hiring the services of the authorized Tour Operators (such as Mario´s Tours or others). This wonderful sight - living it and being amazed by the beauty of these giants is a experience capable of renew our sense of wonder.
At dusk, back in town you can witness the arrival of the ospreys to their nests, and to taste a delicious dinner. All of these are extraordinary experiences.
You are all invited to know our environment, our whimsical culture and to figure out our legendary history.
Guerrero Negro has a Mediterranean - desert like climate, foggy, humid and cold in the morning, warm at noon time and windy and cold by night, with an annual average temperature of 22 degrees Celsius, with the occasional rains in the winter.We recommend thermal clothing, rain gear appropriate for cold climate, hat, sunglasses and sun block lotion. Guerrero Negro has all the services proper to a population of importance.
September / December 3o C / 25o C
February / May 7o C / 35o C
Safety tips to travel to Baja?
Mexico, as many other countries, has a current confrontation with drug cartels, mostly in the big Border cities like Ciudad Juárez or Tijuana, and is limited to people somehow connected to the drug industry and law enforcement, most people don't encounter any problems.
Anyway, it is wise to take the regular precautions you would take in any other vacation spot—pay attention to your surroundings, don’t show expensive jewelry, wear a money belt, avoid dark and deserted areas, and travel with a buddy at night.
Regarding health, the wonderful news is that the sanitary alert of influenza is already off. So it is perfectly safe to come to Baja and enjoy a wonderful time among us!
Towns in Baja
San Ignacio, Santa Rosalía, Mulegé, Loreto, Cd Constitución, La Paz, Todos Santos, Los Cabos...Soon.
Help to develop the region, please hire local business at the communities, do not hire foreign business that do not bring real benefits to the locals (tips are not real benefits).